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Thayyeni Wikipedia page

 (The wikipedia page https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thayyeni is edited and expanded  in July 2014 by Jomy Vettukallel : a librarian by profession and a blogger from Thayyeni .)

Thayyeni(Malayalam:തയ്യേനി) (Hindi:तययेनी ) is an agriculture oriented village under East Eleri Grama Panchayat in the North Eastern part of Kerala near Karnataka border in Kasargod district, India. Although quite rural the village is provided with all the basic amenities of a little town like school,Co-operative Bank, a Nanma store and other retail shops. Thayyeni is a hilly area. It was populated by Adivasis in the early days. A folk dance known as ‘theyyam kettu’ was an important part of the adivasi lifestyle. Being a center of ‘theyyam kettu’ the name ‘Theyyeni’ originated. Thayyeni is 6 k. m. away from Palavayal which is the nearest town.

Thayyeni is an idyllically set place among mountains,and hence for most part of the year is quiet. The Kumban peak one of the highest peaks here is visible from far, though for most part of the year it is covered in mist.Thayyeni Koomban Hill is the highest geographical point of Thayyeni Village. The ambiance of the Koomban Hill is remarkable and once you reach the grass covered hilltop the view is superb. The undulating cloud-topped hills stretch up to the plains and ocean on the horizon. This is unexplored territory for the nature enthusiast and birdwatcher. Komban merge with borders of Thalakavery wild life sanctuary in Karnataka. Thayyeni is a major tourist attraction for nature lovers with beautiful hills, streams and plantations that forms a green blanket to the place.

Jomy Vettukallel, a librarian and a blogger from Thayyeni, has referred to Thayyeni in his blog.Librarian's Dairy  It is one of the few online information sources that describes the place in detail.

Natives of Thayyeni have started a Facebook page too to bring the town into limelight.News and photos of Thayyeni Village can be found here.

Contents

1 How to reach
2 History
3 Closest cities, towns and villages
4 Politics
5 Institutions
6 Religious places
7 Medical Facilities
8 Related Websites
9 References

How to reach

The town has been made accessible to the nearest district of Kannur.Public transport in Thayyeni is largely dependent on buses,run by both private operators and the Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC),Payyanur Bus Depot. Nearest railway station :Payyannur Railway Station. Route to reach Thayyeni from nearest railway station : Payyanur - Cherupuzha - Pulingome - Palavayal - Thayyeni. The nearest airports are at Kozhikkode and Mangalore in Karnataka state. An airport is being constructed at Kannur.

History

Early migration took place in 1958.There were about 30 migrated families in this area by 1965.The famine after world war II saw a large scale migration of people from Central Travancore (specially from Meenachil Taluk ) to this area. Majority of them were Roman Catholic Christians who had a different social and agricultural background. They were hard working people and they brought new agricultural practices to this area. They introduced cash crops like Rubber to the local people .The major plantation crops of this areas since then has been Rubber, Arecanut, Coconut, Pepper etc. 

Closest cities, towns and villages

Payyanur [43 km]
Cherupuzha [13 km]
Chittarikkal [8km]
Pulingome [6 km]
Palavayal [5 km]
Chavaragiri [3.5 km]

Politics

Thayyeni is part of the Kasargode Lok Sabha constituency and Trikaripur Assembly Constituency .Main political parties in Thayyeni are CPI(M),Indian National Congress,Kerala Congress (M) and BJP.CPI(M) member P.Karunakaran is the present MP from Kasargod. K. Kunhiraman, CPI(M) is the sitting MLA of Trikaripur Assembly Constituency.

Institutions

Government High School, Thayyeni
East Eleri Co-Operative Bank Thayyeni Branch
Nanma Cosumerfed Store
Thayyeni Post Office (Pin-670511)
Rajeev Bhavan- Congress (I)Committee Ward Office
Y.M.A Reading Room & Library
Civil Supplies ration shop (ARD-205)
Family welfare sub centre
Milma sahakarana sangham
Vyapari Vyavasayi Ekopanasamithi Unit office

Religious places

Lourd Matha Church, Thayyeni

Lourd Matha Church, Thayyeni, which comes under the Archdiocese of Tellicheri,Kerala.This parish has 300 Catholic families and 1500 parishners. Thayyeni parish has a filial church, named as Holy Family Church, having 30 families on the hill top at Athiyadukam.Lourd Matha Church, Thayyeni was established as the filial church of Palavayal Church in 1966. It was raised to a parish on May 01, 1982. There is a beautiful grotto near Thayyeni town.The feast of the patroness Lourd Matha is celebrated on the second week of February ever year.

The spiritual organizations like KCYM, CML, Thirubalasakhyam,Mathruvedi, St. Vincent De Paul Society etc. are active in the parish. Ward prayer groups, under the guidance of the parish priest and the Sisters, are also active and they conduct prayer meetings once in a month in each ward.The religious house of St. Martha Sisters here functions along with the parish.

Thayyeniswara Temple,Thayyeni

A temple with name 'Thayyeniswara' is located one kilometer from Thayyeni Town Junction. Theyyam,a popular ritual form of worship is an important feature of this temple which has made it very famous.The Theyyam dance is generally performed in front of the village shrine which is celebrated in the Malayalam month of Kumba in February–March.

Medical Facilities

Currently no medical facilities are available in Thayyeni. The nearest medical facilities are at :

Elavunkal Hospital, Chittarical [8 km]
PHC,Pulingome[6 km]
St Sebastian’s Hospital,Kakkayamchal,Cherupuzha [13 km]
Govt Homoeo Dispensary Kannivayal[9 km]

References

http://librariandiary.blogspot.in/2013/02/thayyeni-green-land.html
http://kasargod.nic.in/administration/mp.htm
http://www.electionsinindia.com/18/kasaragod/trikaripur/yearwiseacdata.aspx
http://www.smcim.smonline.org/thayyeni/history.htm

Neeloor

This article is written by Jomy Vettukallel   for Wikipedia  in  July,2014 

Neeloor  (Malayalam:നീലൂർ ) is an agri-oriented rural village in Meenachil Taluk,Kottayam,Kerala State,India sandwiched between small hills and situated on the borders of Kottayam district and neighboured to Idukki district.
Contents

1 History
2 Timeline
3 First in Neeloor
4 Economy
5 Institutions
6 Religious Institutions
7 Closest cities, towns and villages
8 Politics
9 How to reach
10 References

History

Being a rural town, the entire zone is secured by different sort of farming plants and the profound green shade which blankets the land is the indication of flourishing accomplished by the dedicated individuals of this place. The historical backdrop of Neeloor is blurred in the pages of history. At the same time the Sree Dharma Shasta Temple, Ambalabhagam two km away from Neeloor town shows that the place claims hundreds of years old legacy. The new history begins with the beginning of the 20th century, when people from other areas came to Neeloor and settled there.In 1925 a church was established and soon a primary school was started. The church comes under the Diocese of Palai,Kerala.This parish has now 542 Catholic families and 3015 parishners. 

In 1959 the primary school was upgraded to Upper Primary School and in 1961 a high school was started. The high school was among the first recognised un- aided schools in Kerala and today it is well known as St. Joseph’s English Medium High School and has a long history of 100% pass in SSLC Examinations. A CBSE school is also functioning along with it.

Timeline

  • AD 1650 - Neeloor Temple established
  • 1925 - Foundation of St.Xaviour's Parish Church
  • 1927 - Establishment of St.Joseph Chappel at Neeloor Town
  • 1934 - St.Joseph L.P School established
  • 1934 - Construction of St.Benedict Mount Shrine at Ellumpuram
  • 1955 - Neeloor Post Office functioned
  • 1960 - L.P School upgraded to U.P School and inauguration of Neeloor Service Co-Operative Bank.
  • 1962 - Established NSS office at Amabalabhagam
  • 1961 - St.Joseph EMHS established
  • 1963 - Savio Home-Boy's Hostel founded and Palai-Thodupuzha Bus service started
  • 1964 - St.Joseph statue created at Neeloor town
  • 1966 - Pala to Kattappana Bus Service through Neeloor
  • 1972 - Electricity came to Neeloor
  • 1984 - Vincent De Paul Society started
  • 1987 - Renovation of Parish Cemetery
  • 1997 - SNDP Gurumandhiram founded
  • 1998 - Inauguration of a 20 shutter building at Neeloor town


First in Neeloor

  • First Hindu family in Neeloor - Arackal family
  • First Christian family in Neeloor - Alackal family
  • First Vicar of Neeloor Parish -Fr.Youseph Munjanattu
  • First Teacher and Postmaster-Shri.V.M Thomas Vallompurayidatthil
  • First secretary of Neeloor Co-Operative bank -Shri.A.C Michael Ariparambil
  • First Priest from Neeloor Parish-Fr.peter Thomas Kandavanatthil (1964)



Economy
Neeloor's economy is mainly depends on agriculture. Major part of the agriculture area is utilized for natural rubber cultivation. Different harvests, for coconut, pepper, coco, tapioca, banana, ginger, turmeric, and so forth are likewise being cultivated.Cattle, goat and chicken are the primary domesticated animals raising here.A Milma Ksheera Sahakarana Sangham is working here to give necessary direction to this part.

Institutions

  • St.Joseph English Medium High School, Neeloor
  • Neeloor Co-Operative Bank Head Office
  • Neeloor Post Office (Pin-686651)
  • St. Joseph's UP School Neeloor
  • NSS Karayogam Office
  • SNDP Gurumandiram
  • Savio Home-Boy's Hostel, Neeloor
  • Gorethi Bhavan-Girl's Hostel
  • Sacred Heart Convent, Neeloor
  • SH Nursery School,Neeloor
  • Akshaya e-centre
  • Nabard Information Center
  • Milma ksheera sahakarana sangham


Religious Institutions

  • St. Xavier’s Church, Neeloor
  • St.Joseph Chappel, Neeloor Town
  • Sree Dharma Shasta Temple, Ambalabhagam, Neeloor
  • St.Benedict Mount Shrine,Ellumpuram

Closest cities, towns and villages

  • Palai [17 km]
  • Thodupuzha [18 km]
  • Kollapally [9 km]
  • Muttom [9 km]
  • Mattathippara [5 km]
  • Karimkunnam [11 km]


Politics
Neeloor is part of the Kottayam Lok Sabha constituency and Pala Assembly Constituency (Neeloor was one of the part of Poonjar Assembly Constituency till 2011). Main political parties in Neeloor are Kerala Congress (M),Indian National Congress and BJP.Kerala Congress (M) member Shri. Jose K. Mani is the present MP from Kottayam.Shri.K.M Mani is the sitting MLA of Palai Assembly Constituency.

How to reach
People of this area depend on road network for transportation.There are no railway network passing through this village.Neeloor town has been made accessible to the nearest railway station Kottayam.Route to reach Neeloor from nearest railway station :Kottayam - Palai - Kollappally- Kurumannu - Neeloor.Palai and Thodupuzha are the nearest towns and one can reach Neeloor easily by bus from the two towns. The nearest airport is at Kochi (Cochin International Airport).
Main Road routes to reach Neeloor town

  • Kottayam - Palai - Kollappally - Kurumannu ->Neeloor
  • Thodupuzha - Karimkunnam - Kollappally - Kurumannu ->Neeloor
  • Thodupuzha - Karimkunnam - Mattathippara - Neeloor
  • Thodupuzha - Muttom - Thudanganadu - Vichattu Kavala ->Neeloor
  • Erattupetta - Melukavu - Maryland - Inchikavu->Neeloor
  • Erattupetta - Melukavu - Kanjiramkavala - Ellumpuarm - Kandathimavu->Neeloor

References

http://www.kerala.travel/destination-Neeloor-198.aspx
http://www.neeloorparish.com
http://palaidiocese.com/parish.php?alpha=N
http://librariandiary.blogspot.in/2014/03/neeloor.html
St.Xaviour's Church- Platinum Jubilee Souvenir (2001) p.32-57
http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/nri/keral_Delimitation.pdf